Citigroup will pay a total of $7 billion, including a record $4 billion fine to the Department of Justice (DOJ) for charges related to the packaging, marketing, sale, and issuance of residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS.) The deal was reached after months of negotiations – between Citigroup and a division of the Financial Fraud Enforcement Task Force consisting of state and federal authorities, and financial regulators.

Why it matters: The settlement arguably is the product of a hard-line approach taken by the Department of Justice, providing the largest civil penalty ever. U.S.

Attorney General Eric Holder characterized Citi’s conduct as “egregious,” adding that “the bank’s activities contributed mightily to the financial crisis that devastated our economy in 2008.” Holder also stated that the deal does not absolve Citi or its employees of possible criminal charges.

Read more at Lexology and Citibank